The Archive Impulse & The Architecture of Time

The project considers architecture’s ability to react to time using space. It considers this through the lens of the human impulse to archive. We archive to understand our origins, our narratives, and to denote value. In a future with increasing demands on resources and attempts to mitigate them, the archive is place for objects of shared value. By balancing binaries (e.g. public versus private spaces, physical versus digital, preservation versus growth), the project considers the ability of architecture to represent the moment and how we relate to our environment.

Housing the Informal

California’s Accessory Dwelling Unit (ADU) policy (permitting the existence of two Accessory Dwelling Units by right on any Single Family Home Zoned Property) provides a contextual opportunity to densify Los Angeles’ most ubiquitous site typology. However, the full potential of this policy is fragmented, due to property walls separating each neighbor’s backyard from one another. If an entire R-1 block was to consolidate their abutting 15′ Rear Yard Setback areas, a 30′ wide site can be formed to design a consolidated form of the ADU policy.Using Fiber-reinforced Polymers as a main building material, this thesis explores how this new density can catalyze the good in an existing suburban block, promoting new degrees of community and intimacy.

Houses in the Sky

Moving away from typical urban developments, the design provides affordable housing and infrastructure that can be used as a tool for directing residential and commercial growth within the urban fabric of Los Angeles.

Developing mixed-use buildings within a half mile of major metro stations, the transit-oriented design creates transit nodes with the existing metro system in promoting a pedestrian friendly environment.

Combining the methods of prefabricated modules with FRP composites used in the fabrication of airplanes, the technology allows for a creative way in mass producing affordable units.

Strategic Stratification

At what is now 1st Street Bridge, Los Angles River is a divider between two major districts – Arts District and Boyle Heights. It is a divider because its artificially cemented riverbed is often minimally filled with water, but still barred off from public access. The 1st Street Bridge is a weak connector between the two districts that overlooks the LA River…

But what if the bridge integrates the LA River? What if it was more than an infrastructure for getting from point A to point B, but an experience in and of itself on the river? What if this “bridge” were a new landscape of pathways that are 3-Dimensional, refilling the artificial trench in a way that creates multiple layers of experience from top to bottom?

In the topic of form follows performance, this project is about using “strategic stratification” in form as a means to generate activity, so that the once empty riverbed may perform as a new space of interaction for uniting – rather than dividing – people and nature.

Towards a Provisional Architecture

The provisional liberates architecture from the apocryphal lineage of western liberalism and its origin stories. Making buildings that are “just enough” subverts the building as a machine for appropriating capital and reinforcing hegemony. One can see the scrappy problem solving of provisional architecture at Knot City, a commune in Palmdale, California. Situated adjacent to Los Angeles, the commune is a refuge for the non-metronormative. The buildings are both a tool for and an expression of the residents’ diverse needs and desires. Systems, in all senses of the word, are developed to allow unfettered evolution, exploration, and expression.

Recomposed Geometries

This thesis argues that designers must continue to develop skills of manipulating geometry with the software at hand. Machine learning technology and computational design innovate rapidly, and it is not hard to imagine that one day computers will dominate design decisions. However, most provocative architecture is predominantly designed by human intelligence. Architects must continue to advance their design abilities and think critically so that the design process can remain human.

The value of human creativity should continue to thrive while the technologies and tools keep advancing. Architecture should be produced by designers who can link human activity with the geometries that suit the space, not just those who operate computational software. This enables us to incorporate ideas that are bigger and more meaningful than data alone.

The LA River is rich with 2D and 3D geometries. The freeway overpass and the graffiti paintings on the wall create a vibrant atmosphere in contrast to the stark infrastructure of the river itself. This project aims to design a series of spaces that evoke a feeling of dynamism and test this thesis’ methodology by designing for a specific set of programs using found geometries and geometries transformed from 2D to 3D.

Projected Sky

This thesis aims to create unique architectural conditions by transforming and deploying the geometry that conceptually represent the sky within the building. “Projected Sky” concept refers to the space constructed by the massing that abstracted from sky elements. It changes the orientation of sky that always above us, instead the sky could exist in the elevation and plan, rather than always in the background. Projecting, folding, extending and mirroring are deployed to the abstract elements from sky, blurring the foreground and background relationship among them.


This project argues that a sense of purposefulness in architecture can be achieved through decoration and cartooning. As a furniture workshop and showroom, the decoration becomes an integral part of the project at all scales. Other major components include inter-mediating elements, gaskets, and connectors; each acts as a formal que in support of the sense of purposefulness.

Montaging and Montaged

The word montaged refers to the building form is montaged by units, from pieces to whole. And montaging refers to the process of perceiving context. Architectural montage lies in-between these two conditions.
The project explores the spatial sequence by repeating, scaling, connecting and overlapping different units. Montaged moment is crafted by blending contrasting environments. Perception of space is obtained by a sequence of montaged views, and each view is composited by both building elements and surrounding context.


A Study For Architectural Volume and Space: From 2D to 3D, From Projection to Continuity